02 October 2014

Women, Environment, and Sustainable Development

 A Study of Women among Sumi Community of Nagaland - Page 2

Men usually work outside the village in some private sector, Government sector, or self employed like carpentry, running rice mill, shops, hunting, daily wage laborers, and private driver, etc therefore escapes the direct brunt of environmental crisis.

In those household where the only income source is agriculture based, men does their part of clearing the forests, preparing the soil for sowing, constructing the rest house, lending a hand in harvesting but the heart and bones of the work ultimately becomes the sole duty of women who does the occasional clearing of weeds, nurturing of the food crops, protecting the crops against rodents, pests and birds, seeds preservation for the next season, checking the water canal etc.

Besides, women are naturally and dutifully gripped with the tensions for the outcome of the food crops in regard to excess rainfall, drought, other climatic conditions, rodents and pests, weeds, quality of the crops, and harvest bearing in mind the sole dependence and sustenance on agriculture but men are generally freed once their part is considered done.

On off days from fields, men take complete rest at their best but it is not the same case for women, for it is a day meant to ensure other source of livelihood; a day to collect fodder, fuels, water, vegetables, food security, drying and grinding the grain, washing and cleaning, selling the vegetables in the village and nearby towns, and so on.

Table 1, Presents how sexual division of labor influence vulnerability to environmental degradation.

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